Climate Survey (4)
Pearson says that people who like their jobs tend to show initiative and be more innovative. They boost productivity and contribute the growth. Hughes has heard that some people hate their jobs. Breakstone says that's demoralizing to be a low paying jobs so which overqualified.
1) go the extra mile ... いっそうの努力をする
To go "an extra mile" or "the extra mile" or "that extra mile" is to put more efforts into something. To take extra step that may not be required but very useful or effective. Another way you could say the same thing is "to go out of your way." It means instead of taking a direct route to where you're going, you take a little bit different route because it's useful and helpful, even though it's not the most efficient for you, yourself.
・go out of one's way
・go beyond the call of duty
All these phrase are used when you want to praise someone who's done that. There is another phrase you can use "bend over backward." That's usually used when you've gone an extra mile, you've put in extra effort, but it's not appreciated or it wasn't effective.
2) disgruntled ... 不満をもった
"Disgruntled" is kind of an interesting word. In this case, it's being used as an adjective. And this describes people who are ill-humoured or discontented, they are unhappy for some reason. You can also use it as a verb "disgruntle" ( ) make people feel discontented or ill-humoured.
There is a (ネッチング) word. "Gruntle" or "gruntled" which is actually a back-formation. Original word is "disgruntle" or "disgruntled." The back-formation would mean making someone happy, putting them into good humor, but I've never heard or used. I think it's used (that?) these days people would laugh, they don't understand and laugh. It's a very humorous way to say your chin someone up.